Wednesday, 2 May 2012

Range: Common Features Across Process Types [Definition]

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 295):
There may be in each type of clause one element which is not so much an entity participating in the process as a refinement of the process itself. This may be the name of a particular variety of the process, which being a noun can then be modified for quantity and for quality … Since here the kind of action, event, behaviour, sensing or saying is specified by the noun, as a participant function, the verb may be entirely general in meaning … Or, secondly, this element may be an entity, but one that plays a part in the process not by acting, or being acted upon, but by marking its domain … It is characteristic of this second type that they are on the borderline of participants and circumstances; there is often a closely related form of prepositional phrase …

Range In Identifying Relational Clauses: Value*

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 294-5):
… in the identifying, the criteria tend to conflict. For purposes of simplicity, we will interpret the Token as Medium and the Value as Range in all types, although this does ignore some aspects of the patterning of such clauses in text.
*  For less simple purposes, in Halliday (1994) and elsewhere in Halliday & Matthiessen (2004), it is the Identified that is Medium (which corresponds to the Token in decoding clauses, but the Value in encoding clauses); the Identifier is the Range in decoding clauses (where it is also the Value), but the Agent in encoding clauses (where it is the Token).

Range In Attributive Relational Clauses: Attribute

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 294):
In the attributive, the Attribute is clearly analogous to a Range.

Range In Verbal Clauses: Verbiage

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 294):
The two kinds of Verbiage, that which refers to the content, as in describe the apartment, and that which specifies the nature of the verbal process, such as tell a story, are analogous respectively to the material ‘entity Scope’ and ‘process Scope’.

Range In Emanating Mental Clauses: Phenomenon

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 294):
[In the like [‘emanating’] type of mental process] the Phenomenon bears no kind of resemblance to a Goal.  But it does show certain affinities with the Scope.  It figures as Subject, in the ‘receptive’, under similarly restricted conditions; and it appears in expressions, such as enjoy the pleasure, saw the sight, have an understanding of, which are analogous to material Scope expressions of the ‘process’ type, such as play a game, have a game.  So we can interpret the rôle of the Phenomenon in the like type of mental process as a counterpart of that of Scope in the material; it is the element which delimits the boundaries of the sensing.

Range In Material & Behavioural Clauses: Scope, Behaviour

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 294):
In a ‘material’, the Range is the Scope; in a ‘behavioural’ clause, the Range is the Behaviour.

The Range [Definition & Distribution]

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 293):
The Range is the element that specifies the range or domain of the process. A Range may occur in ‘material’, ‘behavioural’, ‘mental’, ‘verbal’, and 'relational' clauses — but not in ‘existential’ ones.

Beneficiary As Subject

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 293):
The Beneficiary regularly functions as Subject in the clause; in that case the verb is in the ‘receptive’ voice.

Beneficiary In Attributive Relational Clauses

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 293):
There are also a few ‘relational’ clauses of the ‘attributive’ mode containing a Beneficiary, for example him in she made him a good wife, it cost him a pretty penny. We shall just refer to this as a Beneficiary, without introducing a more specific term, since these hardly constitute a recognisably distinct rôle in the clause.

Beneficiary In Material Clauses: Realisation

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 293):
The Beneficiary is realised by (to +) nominal group (Recipient) or (for +) nominal group (Client); the presence of the preposition is determined by textual factors.

Beneficiary In Material & Verbal Clauses: Recipient, Client, Receiver

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 293):
In a ‘material’ clause, the Beneficiary is either the Recipient or the Client. … In a ‘verbal’ clause, the Beneficiary is the Receiver.

The Beneficiary [Definition & Distribution]

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 293):
The Beneficiary is the one to whom or for whom the process is said to take place. It appears in ‘material’ and ‘verbal’ clauses, and occasionally in ‘relational’ ones. (In other words, there are no Beneficiaries in ‘mental’, ‘behavioural’ or ‘existential’ clauses.)