Monday, 12 March 2012

Mental Clauses Vs Material Clauses [Diagnostic: Probe & Substitute]

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 207):
Mental processes … are not kinds of doing, and cannot be probed or substituted by do.

Mental Clauses Vs Material Clauses [Diagnostic: Unmarked Present Tense]

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 197-8):
When the clause refers to present time, the tense of the verbal group serving as Process is the simple present rather than the present–in–present that is characteristic of ‘material’ clauses.
Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 206):
In a ‘mental’ clause, the unmarked present tense is the simple present … But in a ‘material’ clause the unmarked present tense is the present in present …

The Complement Of An ‘Emanating’ Mental Clause

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 198):
In contrast to the Subject, the Complement is realised by a nominal group that can denote entities of any kind

The Subject Of An ‘Emanating’ Mental Clause

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 198):
… the Subject is a nominal group denoting a conscious being

Emanating Vs Impinging Mental Clauses

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 197):
This process of sensing may be construed either as flowing from a person’s consciousness [‘like’ type] or as impinging on it [‘please’ type]; but it is not construed as a material act.

Mental Clauses [Characterisation]

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 197):
While ‘material’ clauses are concerned with our experience of the material world, ‘mental’ clauses are concerned with our experience of the world of our own consciousness. They are clauses of sensing: a ‘mental’ clause construes a quantum of change in the flow of events taking place in our own consciousness.

Transformative Material Clauses: Outcomes As Expansion Types

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 186):
The outcome of the transformation is an (1) elaboration, (2) extension or (3) enhancement of the Actor (‘intransitive’) or Goal (‘transitive’) …

How To Tell Transformatives From Creatives [Diagnostic]

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 186):
Neither happen to or do to/with can be used [as probes] with creative clauses …

Transformative Material Clauses: Probing Actor (Medium)

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 186):
The Actor of an ‘intransitive’ ‘transformative’ clause can be probed by happen to …

Transformative Material Clauses: Probing Goal (Medium)

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 186):
The Goal of a ‘transitive’ ‘transformative’ clause exists before the process begins to unfold and is transformed in the course of the unfolding. It can be probed by means of do to, do with

Transformative Material Clauses: Outcomes

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 185-6):
In a ‘transformative’ clause, the outcome is the change of some aspect of the Actor (‘intransitive’) or the Goal (‘transitive’). … In the limiting case, the outcome of the final phase is to maintain the conditions of the initial phase …
Unlike ‘creative’ clauses, ‘transformative’ ones can often have a separate element representing the outcome … an Attribute specifying the resultant state of the Goal. Even where the sense of outcome is inherent in the process, the outcome may be indicated by the ‘particle’ of a phrasal verb, as in shut down

Processes Of Destruction

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 185):
However, processes of destruction seem to be treated by the grammar as ‘transformative’ rather than as ‘creative’ …