Wednesday, 7 March 2012

Material Clauses With Clients

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 192):
[Unlike Recipients] a Client may also appear in an ‘intransitive’ clause — one that has no Goal, but has either Process + Scope, … or else Process only … These last cannot appear without for

Material Clauses With Recipients

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 191, 191n):
Recipients occur only in ‘transitive transformative’ clauses of the ‘extending’ type; and within that category, they occur with those clauses that denote a transfer of the possession of goods. …
They are thus the material version of possessive relational clauses. Fawcett (1988) treats them as relational rather than as material. But in our interpretation, they are simply part of a general pattern of agnation between material clauses on the one hand and relational and existential ones on the other: creative material clauses are related to existential clauses and transformative material clauses to relational clauses (more specifically, elaborating transformation — intensive relation, extending transformation — possessive relation, and enhancing transformation — circumstantial relation).

Material Clauses: Recipient & Client

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 191):
The two functions of Recipient and Client resemble one another in that both construe a benefactive rôle; they represent a participant that is benefiting from the performance of the process. The Recipient is the one that goods are given to; the Client is one that services are done for. Either may appear with or without a preposition, depending on its position in the clause … the preposition is to with Recipient, for with Client.

Goal: Extension

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 180-1):
… another term that has been used for this function is Patient, meaning one that ‘suffers’ or ‘undergoes’ the process. … the relevant concept is more like that of ‘one to which the process is extended’. The concept of extension is in fact the one that is embodied in the classical terminology of ‘transitive’ [‘going through’] and ‘intransitive’ [‘not going through’], from which the term ‘transitivity’ is derived.

Goal (Of Impact)

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 180, 181n):
The term implies ‘directed at’; … Note that ‘goal’ refers to the goal of the impact; it does not refer to the destination of motion through space.

Actor As Adjunct

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 179):
… Actor and Subject are distinct in a ‘passive’ — or ‘receptive’ — clause … Here the Actor is not interpersonally ‘charged’ with the rôle of Subject, but is rather given the lower status of Adjunct and can thus be left out …

Actor Vs Agent

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 179n):
The ‘Actor’ of a ‘material’ clause is distinct from the ‘Agent’ of an ‘effective’ clause; … Some linguists have used the two terms more or less interchangeably.

Material Clauses: Actor

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 179):
… ‘material’ clauses are clauses of doing–&–happening: a ‘material’ clause construes a quantum of change in the flow of events as taking place through some input of energy. … the source of the energy bringing about the change is typically a participant — the Actor … the ‘logical Subject’ of older terminology. The Actor is the one who does the deed — that is, the one that brings about the change.