Sunday, 30 September 2012

Metafunctional Structures: Group

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 309):
Although we can still recognise the same three components, they are not represented in the form of separate whole structures, but rather as partial contributions to a single structural line.

Metafunctional Structures: Clause

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 309):
… in the grammar of the clause each component contributes a more or less equal complete structure, so that the clause is made up of three distinct structures combined into one …

Saturday, 29 September 2012

Metafunctional Clause Structures: Transitivity, Mood & Theme

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 309):
(1) Transitivity structures express representational meaning: what the clause is about, which is typically some process, with associated participants and circumstances;

(2) Mood structures express interactional meaning: what the clause is doing, as a verbal exchange between speaker/writer and audience;

(3) Theme structures express the organisation of the message: how the clause relates to the surrounding discourse, and to the context of situation in which it is being produced.

These three sets of options together determine the structural shape of the clause.

Friday, 28 September 2012

Metafunctional Clause Structures: Realising Sets Of Semantic Choice

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 309):
… the English clause is a composite affair, a combination of three different structures, deriving from distinct functional components. These components (called ‘metafunctions’ in systemic theory) are the ideational (clause as representation), the interpersonal (clause as exchange) and the textual (clause as message). What this means is that the three structures serve to express three largely independent sets of semantic choice.